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History and Culture of Azarbaijan East

History and Culture of Azarbaijan East

The province of E-Azarbaijan is a part of the ancient Iranian territory. During the Alexander (so called the Great), (331 BC), a great commander called Atorpat, who was the commander of the Little Maad, rebelled in this territory, and a part of the Little Maad, which is the now Azarbaijan, was liberated from the Greeks. For this reason, this territory was called Atorpatkan.

Then its name was changed several times to Azarabadegan, Azarbadgan, and Azarbaijan. Most Islamic historians believe that Azarbaijan was the birthplace of Zoroauster, the Old Iranian prophet, whose birthplace was in the region of Oromeyeh, and exactly, a town called Kanzak, which is located near the lake Cheechest (Oromeyeh). During its more than 2000 years history, this province has been witness to many historical, political and social events, and during this period, significant characteristics of an old civilization occurred there, which left many interesting things to visitors to see. The province of E-Azarbaijan is significant also for its natural attractions. Its river-sides, the mineral and natural water springs and streams, the nice places for walking, the beautiful woodlands, the protected natural areas, the wonderful peaks and heights, the wonderful caves and natural beauties, all are tourist attractions.
From the cultural point of view too, the E-Azarbaijan Province is significant for a collection of Aold traditions and historical customs. The most significant characteristic of the Azarbaijani culture is the language and the local folklore which have been mixed with the old traditions and the local customs. The spoken language in Azarbaijan is the Turkish Azery. The Iranian Azeries, as well as the people of the Republic of Azarbaijan have been speaking this language for many centuries.
This province has also been the cradle of many famous scholars, Gnostics and poets such as: Molana Baba-Mazeed, Khoajeh Abdul Raheem Ajabadi, Shaykh Hassan Bolghari, Abdul Qader Nakhjavani, Molana Ahmed Harati, Hammam Tabrizi, Khaqani Shirvani, Asadi Tousi, Abolalla' Falaki, Zaheer-olDeen Faryabi, Anvari Abivardi, Qatran Tabrizi, Shaykh Mohammed Khyabani, Theqatol-Islam, Sattar Khan (the- national commander), as well as many other famous people. From the late age, one can name Ostad Mohammed Husain Shahryar, the most famous contemporary poet in Iran and Azarbaijan.

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