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Tabriz

Tabriz

With 619 kilometers distance to Tehran, and 150 kilometers to the border with the Republic of Azarbaijan, this city has kept its significant location for centuries. The name of Tabriz was mentioned first in the Asyrian king, epigraph of Sargon II in 714 BC.
During the third and the fourth centuries, Tabriz was a famous city, and it was taken as a capital for the first time by the Rewadiyan Family. Between the Rewadiyan period and the Mongols, the city had been destroyed several times due to earthquakes.


During the Mongols occupation, Tabriz was formally the capital of the Mongols kings, and during Sultan Mahmood Ghazan (694 AD) Tabriz enjoyed its golden age, and was very big and developed city.
The Alishah Mosque, the Rasheedi Quarter, and the Shanb Ghazan were constructed during this period. After the Mongols too, during the Jalayeries, the Turkomans, and the Safavids, Tabriz was the formal capital of Iran. The Kabood Mosque is of the remainings of the Turkemans period.
During the late centuries, Tabriz was also significant for its accommodation of the people's revolutions and for the great solidarity against the Ottomans and, the Russian attacks: So the people of Tabriz are famous for their brave hart commanders such as Sattar Khan and Baqer Khan who were the people's commanders during the Constitution Revolution (1905). In 1920, the Aleasder Shaykh Mohammed Khyabani rebelled against the British invaders in Tabriz, and his movement resulted into the cancellation of the Iran-British treaty. And finally, during the Islamic Revolution (1978-1979) the people of Tabriz have played a significant role which resulted into the victory of the revolution.
Now, Tabriz is one of the most beautiful and historic cities in Iran, and its main historical leisure places are as following:

The Municipality Palace which is the most nice building in Tabriz.

The Remaining of the Rasheedi Quarter Castle which belongs to the Mongols period.

The Historical Village of Kandevan and its Mineral Water Spring.

The Historical Complex of the Great Bazaar of Tabriz which belongs to the early centuries of the Islamic period.

The Jame’ Mosque which is one of the oldest historical buildings in Tabriz belonging to early Islamic period.

The Alishah Mosque (Arke Tabriz) which was built by Tajoldeen Alishah Gilani Tabrizi.

The Kabood Mosque (Gouy Masjid) which is one of the remainings of the Jahan Shah Ben Qareh Yousef. It was built in 870 AH.

The Poets' Cemetery which is one of the most attractive buildings in Tabriz now. Many of the Azarbaijani famous poets as well as many Gnostics and scholars have been buried there.

Sayed Hamzeh Tomb is one of the beauiful places in Tabriz, and has significant ornaments. It is one of the Safavids and the Qajar remainings, and many people visit it daily.

The Azarbaijan Museum, which contains a significant collection of the most valuable historical remainings, collected from different parts of the province.

The Natural Valleys of the Saeed Abad and Sahand Mountains which is known as the bride mountain of Iran. The Beautiful Building and Garden of Eel Gueli (former Shahguli) which is of the Qajar period.

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