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General Views of Iran

Tribes of Iran

It can be stated that from the very long past, majority of the people in Iran were engaged in pastoral subsistence and animal breeding. Thus earning their livelihood in various parts of the country mostly. The herds were taken to the seasonal summer or winter quarters, where the herdsmen lived in tents. These decamping differentiated this community from the others who were permanent dwellers. Thereby bringing about trivial conflicts amongst them at times. Moreover, this community could not be categorized as nomads in general, as some were semi-tribal.

Iran Population and Ethnic Groups

According to the latest population projection in 2005, the population of Iran was estimated to be a little more than 70 millions, of which aboűt 66% were urban dwellers, 33% villagers and small percentage nomad tribes. The most populated cities are Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Tabriz, Shiraz, Qom, Ahwaz, Rasht, Orumiyeh, and Kermanshah.

Iran Historiography

The history of Iran has had many vicissitudes with many empires and dynasties having ruled over this country of which the most important are:
Achaemenian.................................................................................................... 533-330 BC

Seleucidian........................................................................................................ 330-247 BC

Parthian..................................................................................................... 247 BC.-224 AD

Iran History

The plateau of Iran is among the oldest civilization centers in the history of humanity and has an important place in archeological studies. The history of settlement in the Plateau of Iran, from the new Stone Age till the migration of Aryans to this region, is not yet very clear. But there is reliable evidence indicating that Iran has been inhabited since a very long time ago. Settlement centers have emerged close to water resources like springs, rivers, lakes or totally close to Alborz and Zagross mountains.

Iran weather

Iran is situated in the global arid zone and the Plateau of Iran enjoys a relatively dry climate. Alborz and Zagross mountain chains trap the humidity and air currents of the Caspian Sea and the Mediterranean climate preventing them from penetration to the inner parts. Iran, due to its location between 25 and 40 degrees latitude as well as its mountains, Iran enjoys considerably variable climates.The average annual temperature increases from the northwest to the southeast throughout the country and varies from 10°C in Azarbaijan to 2530°C in the south and southeast in the same season.