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iranian Architecture

Every region of Iran has its own architectural style, usually in harmony with the natural environment of that region. The architecture and style of houses in different parts of Iran are briefly pointed out below:

In the coastal regions of the Caspian Sea (Guilan and Mazandaran provinces), traditional wooden houses are built on wooden pillars with roofs made of straw or earthenware. In the peripheries of the great Iranian desert (Kavir), the most distinct kinds of houses have domeshaped roofs, which are traditionally built according to the geographical and climatic conditions of these regions in order to minimize heat. In Azarbaijan, which is more or less mountainous, the foundations of houses are built of mud and stone with flat roofs.
In some very hot regions such as Khuzistan, especially Dezfool, basements are important parts of the house as summer shelters from the heat.In higher altitudes of the Alborz Mountains most houses are made of wooden structures with mud walls and flat roofs. Recently, houses with bricks and iron beams have been built in this region. In Sistan and Baluchistan Province, houses are quadrangular with dome-shaped roofs. Sometimes there is a simple reticular structure on the roofs for the purpose of ventilation. These diverse and valuable styles of architecture, which are represented in the construction of houses and buildings in different parts of the country, attract many foreign tourists fascinated by them. In addition, domestic tourists get acquaintance with the extent, greatness, and cultural wealth of their homeland.

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