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Iranian Handicrafts

Iran’s most valuable handicraft, which has a worldwide reputation, is handwoven carpets and kilim (short-napped coarse carpet). Persian carpets, due to their beautiful design, texture, and fixed color have their own special privileges, which is unique in the world. Many people, especially women are involved in this industry, in large and small carpet workshops, scattered throughout Iran.

Nomadic women weave a simple kind of carpet in their leisure time called jajim (coarse). Jajim is softer and lighter than kilim. In addition to these, another handwoven products like cashmere, shawls, and different cloth are produced in Iran for different uses. Every tourist who comes to Iran, wishes to purchase a small carpet, jajim or kilim.
Everybody knows the reputation of Persian carpet, as one of the best and invaluable handicrafts of the world. This industry and its workshops are both state and privately owned. Most carpets are produced in rural and tribal regions of Iran. The carpet of every region has its own texture, design and color. The cities of Tabriz, Isfahan, Mashhad, Kashan, Kerman, and Hamedan as well as the region of Turkmen, Baluch, Ghashghai, Afshar, Kurd, and Lor tribes are important centers of hand-woven carpet in Iran. Iranian tile and ceramic industry and their products have portrayed themselves in mosques and historical monuments.
The color and quality of Iranian tiles and ceramics are so unique that they have resisted hard climatic and erosive conditions of Iran for centuries. Aside from this industry, the industries of pottery, glassworks, and tannery should be mentioned, of which several products are supplied to market. Metal and wood handicrafts like copper and brass products, silver work, inlaid work embossment work engraving, and other fine objects, which are produced from metal, wood and animal bone, have a long history in Iran and are in great demand by tourists.

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